文件上传之Apache commons fileupload使用

08-13 18:47:00   来源:   评论: 点击:

文件上传的方法主要目前有两个常用的,一个是SmartUpload,一个是Apache的Commons fileupload   我们这里主
文件上传的方法主要目前有两个常用的,一个是SmartUpload,一个是Apache的Commons fileupload.

  我们这里主要介绍下第二个的用法,首先要上传文件,注意几个问题:

  1 form表单内,要添加空间<input type="file" name="myfile">

  2 form表单的内容格式要定义成multipart/form-data格式

  3 需要类库:1 commons-io.jar 2commons-fileupload-1.3.1.jar

  接下来我们看下他的用法。

  首先阅读Apache commons fileupload的官方文档可以发现下面几个常用的函数:

  1 创建文件解析对象

DiskFileUpload diskFileUpload = new DiskFileUpload();


  2 进行文件解析后放在List中,因为这个类库支持多个文件上传,因此把结果会存在List中。

List<FileItem> list = diskFileUpload.parseRequest(request);


  3 获取上传文件,进行分析(不是必须)

File remoteFile = new File(new String(fileItem.getName().getBytes(),"UTF-8"));


  4 创建新对象,进行流拷贝



file1 = new File(this.getServletContext().getRealPath("attachment"),remoteFile.getName());                        file1.getParentFile().mkdirs();                        file1.createNewFile();                                                InputStream ins = fileItem.getInputStream();                        OutputStream ous = new FileOutputStream(file1);                                                try{                            byte[] buffer = new byte[1024];                            int len = 0;                            while((len = ins.read(buffer)) > -1)                                ous.write(buffer,0,len);                            out.println("以保存文件"+file1.getAbsolutePath()+"<br/>");                        }finally{                            ous.close();                            ins.close();                        }




  这样我们就完成了文件的上传。


fileUpload.html



<form action="servlet/UploadServlet" method="post" enctype="multipart/form-data">        <div align="center">            <fieldset style="width:80%">                <legend>上传文件</legend><br/>                    <div align="left">上传文件1</div>                    <div align="left">                        <input type="file" name="file1"/>                    </div>                    <div align="left">上传文件2</div>                    <div align="left">                        <input type="file" name="file2"/>                    </div>                    <div>                        <div align='left'>上传文件说明1</div>                        <div align='left'><input type="text" name="description1"/></div>                    </div>                    <div>                        <div align='left'>上传文件说明2</div>                        <div align='left'><input type="text" name="description2"/></div>                    </div>                    <div>                        <div align='left'>                            <input type='submit' value="上传文件"/>                        </div>                    </div>            </fieldset>        </div>    </form>





web.xml



<servlet>    <servlet-name>UploadServlet</servlet-name>    <servlet-class>com.test.hello.UploadServlet</servlet-class>  </servlet><servlet-mapping>    <servlet-name>UploadServlet</servlet-name>    <url-pattern>/servlet/UploadServlet</url-pattern>  </servlet-mapping>





UploadServlet.java





package com.test.hello;

import java.io.File;
import java.io.FileOutputStream;
import java.io.IOException;
import java.io.InputStream;
import java.io.OutputStream;
import java.io.PrintWriter;
import java.util.List;

import javax.servlet.ServletException;
import javax.servlet.http.HttpServlet;
import javax.servlet.http.HttpServletRequest;
import javax.servlet.http.HttpServletResponse;

import org.apache.commons.fileupload.DiskFileUpload;
import org.apache.commons.fileupload.FileItem;
import org.apache.commons.fileupload.FileUploadException;

public class UploadServlet extends HttpServlet {

/**
* Constructor of the object.
*/
public UploadServlet() {
super();
}

/**
* Destruction of the servlet. <br>
*/
public void destroy() {
super.destroy(); // Just puts "destroy" string in log
// Put your code here
}

/**
* The doGet method of the servlet. <br>
*
* This method is called when a form has its tag value method equals to get.
*
* @param request the request send by the client to the server
* @param response the response send by the server to the client
* @throws ServletException if an error occurred
* @throws IOException if an error occurred
*/
public void doGet(HttpServletRequest request, HttpServletResponse response)
throws ServletException, IOException {

response.setCharacterEncoding("UTF-8");
response.getWriter().println("请以POST方式上传文件");
}

/**
* The doPost method of the servlet. <br>
*
* This method is called when a form has its tag value method equals to post.
*
* @param request the request send by the client to the server
* @param response the response send by the server to the client
* @throws ServletException if an error occurred
* @throws IOException if an error occurred
*/
@SuppressWarnings({ "unchecked", "deprecation" })
public void doPost(HttpServletRequest request, HttpServletResponse response)
throws ServletException, IOException {
File file1 = null,file2=null;
String description1 = null,description2 = null;
response.setCharacterEncoding("UTF-8");
request.setCharacterEncoding("UTF-8");
response.setContentType("text/html");
PrintWriter out = response.getWriter();

DiskFileUpload diskFileUpload = new DiskFileUpload();
try{
List<FileItem> list = diskFileUpload.parseRequest(request);

out.println("遍历所有的FileItem...<br/>");
for(FileItem fileItem : list){
if(fileItem.isFormField()){
if("description1".equals(fileItem.getFieldName())){
out.println("遍历到description1 ... <br/>");
description1 = new String(fileItem.getString().getBytes(),"UTF-8");
}
if("description2".equals(fileItem.getFieldName())){
out.println("遍历到description2 ... <br/>");
description2 = new String(fileItem.getString().getBytes(),"UTF-8");
}
}else{
if("file1".equals(fileItem.getFieldName())){
File remoteFile = new File(new String(fileItem.getName().getBytes(),"UTF-8"));
out.println("遍历到file1...<br/>");
out.println("客户端文件位置:"+remoteFile.getAbsolutePath()+"<br/>");

file1 = new File(this.getServletContext().getRealPath("attachment"),remoteFile.getName()); file1.getParentFile().mkdirs(); file1.createNewFile(); InputStream ins = fileItem.getInputStream(); OutputStream ous = new FileOutputStream(file1); try{ byte[] buffer = new byte[1024]; int len = 0; while((len = ins.read(buffer)) > -1) ous.write(buffer,0,len); out.println("以保存文件"+file1.getAbsolutePath()+"<br/>"); }finally{ ous.close(); ins.close(); }
}
if("file2".equals(fileItem.getFieldName())){
File remoteFile = new File(new String(fileItem.getName().getBytes(),"UTF-8"));
out.println("遍历到file2...<br/>");
out.println("客户端文件位置:"+remoteFile.getAbsolutePath()+"<br/>");

file2 = new File(this.getServletContext().getRealPath("attachment"),remoteFile.getName());
file2.getParentFile().mkdirs();
file2.createNewFile();

InputStream ins = fileItem.getInputStream();
OutputStream ous = new FileOutputStream(file2);

try{
byte[] buffer = new byte[1024];
int len = 0;
while((len = ins.read(buffer)) > -1)
ous.write(buffer,0,len);
out.println("以保存文件"+file2.getAbsolutePath()+"<br/>");
}finally{
ous.close();
ins.close();
}
}
}
out.println("Request 解析完毕<br/><br/>");
}
}catch(FileUploadException e){}

out.println("<!DOCTYPE HTML PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD HTML 4.01 Transitional//EN">");
out.println("<HTML>");
out.println(" <HEAD><TITLE>A Servlet</TITLE></HEAD>");
out.println(" <BODY>");

if(file1 != null){
out.println("<div>");
out.println(" <div align='left'>file1;</div>");
out.println(" <div align='left'><a href='"+request.getContextPath()+"/attachment/"+
file1.getName()+"'target=_blank>"+file1.getName()+"</a>");
out.println("</div>");
out.println("</div>");
}
if(file2 != null){
out.println("<div>");
out.println(" <div align='left'>file2;</div>");
out.println(" <div align='left'><a href='"+request.getContextPath()+"/attachment/"+
file2.getName()+"'target=_blank>"+file2.getName()+"</a>");
out.println("</div>");
out.println("</div>");
}
out.println("<div>");
out.println(" <div align='left'>description1:</div>");
out.println(" <div align='left'>");
out.println(description1);
out.println("</div>");
out.println("</div>");

out.println("<div>");
out.println(" <div align='left'>description2:</div>");
out.println(" <div align='left'>");
out.println(description2);
out.println("</div>");
out.println("</div>");

out.println(" </BODY>");
out.println("</HTML>");
out.flush();
out.close();
}

/**
* Initialization of the servlet. <br>
*
* @throws ServletException if an error occurs
*/
public void init() throws ServletException {
// Put your code here
}

}





运行示例



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